Tuesday, October 18, 2016

BILL GATES Interview: How the World Will Change By 2030 (Video)

   Stanford University One Hundred Year Study on Artificial Intelligence (AI100), a look into the future via academia and tech experts, has recently been published and apparently 2030 is going to be incredible.
   For example, “computer vision might help screen tissue samples for cancers” or perhaps “natural language processing will allow computerized systems to grasp not simply the literal definitions, but the connotations and intent, behind words.”
   The 28,000 page report breaks down the future and the role artificial intelligence will play into eight categories:

  • Transportation: Autonomous cars, trucks and, possibly, aerial delivery vehicles may alter how we commute, work and shop and create new patterns of life and leisure in cities.
  • Home/service robots: Like the robotic vacuum cleaners already in some homes, specialized robots will clean and provide security in live/work spaces that will be equipped with sensors and remote controls.
  • Health care: Devices to monitor personal health and robot-assisted surgery are hints of things to come if AI is developed in ways that gain the trust of doctors, nurses, patients and regulators.
  • Education: Interactive tutoring systems already help students learn languages, math and other skills. More is possible if technologies like natural language processing platforms develop to augment instruction by humans.
  • Entertainment: The conjunction of content creation tools, social networks and AI will lead to new ways to gather, organize and deliver media in engaging, personalized and interactive ways.
  • Low-resource communities: Investments in uplifting technologies like predictive models to prevent lead poisoning or improve food distributions could spread AI benefits to the under-served.
  • Public safety and security: Cameras, drones and software to analyze crime patterns should use AI in ways that reduce human bias and enhance safety without loss of liberty or dignity.
  • Employment and workplace: Work should start now on how to help people adapt as the economy undergoes rapid changes as many existing jobs are lost and new ones are created.

   In these fields, the good news is “specialized AI applications will become both increasingly common and more useful by 2030.” But the bad news is that “technology will also create profound challenges, affecting jobs and incomes and other issues that we should begin addressing now to ensure that the benefits of AI are broadly shared.”

   Russ Altman, professor of bioengineering and director of facility for AI100, explained that the move toward AI “will be a marathon, not a sprint” which requires “introspection” and “practical contribution to the public debate on the roles and implications of artificial intelligence.”

The issues plaguing AI development now is public “trust” and the growing “unjustified fear and suspicion” of robots perpetuated by religious circles and the alt-right.

   Even scientists have jumped on scary robot revolution band wagon. Back two years ago, Stephen Hawking, professor of science at Cambridge University (CU) emphatically stated that “the development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race.”

   Referring to a new communication system developed by Intel, Hawking explained “the primitive forms of artificial intelligence developed so far have already proved very useful, but the consequences of creating something that can match or surpass humans.”

   Hawking continued: “It would take off on its own, and re-design itself at an ever increasing rate. Humans, who are limited by slow biological evolution, couldn’t compete, and would be superseded.”

   And in the same year, Elon Musk, chief executive officer for Tesla Motors, spoke to students from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) about AI and how “we should be very careful about artificial intelligence. If I had to guess at what our biggest existential threat is, it’s probably that. So we need to be very careful.”

   Musk continued: “I’m increasingly inclined to think that there should be some regulatory oversight, maybe at the national and international level, just to make sure that we don’t do something very foolish.”

In other interviews , Musk commented that “with artificial intelligence we are summoning the demon. In all those stories where there’s the guy with the pentagram and the holy water, it’s like – yeah, he’s sure he can control the demon. Doesn’t work out.”

   Strangely enough, Musk; Mark Zuckerberg, chief executive officer of Facebook; and actor Ashton Kutcher are putting a reported $40 million into the second round of seed capital for Vicarious FPC, a secret AI corporation, to further their goal to replicate the human neocortex with a positronic neural net.

   Vicarious hopes to invent a robotic brain that “sees, controls the body, understands language and does math.”


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