Friday, September 2, 2016


   The Odyssey (Greek: Οδύσσεια) is one of two major ancient Greek epic poems attributed to Homer. It is, in part, a sequel to the Iliad, the other work ascribed to Homer. 
   The poem is fundamental to the modern Western canon, and is the second oldest extant work of Western literature, the Iliad being the oldest.
   Scholars believe it was composed near the end of the 8th century BC, somewhere in Ionia, the Greek coastal region of Anatolia.

   The poem mainly focuses on the Greek hero Odysseus (known as Ulysses in Roman myths) and his journey home after the fall of Troy. It takes Odysseus ten years to reach Ithaca after the ten-year Trojan War.    In his absence, it is assumed he has died, and his wife Penelope and son Telemachus must deal with a group of unruly suitors, the Mnesteres (Greek: Μνηστήρες) or Proci, who compete for Penelope's hand in marriage.

   It continues to be read in the Homeric Greek and translated into modern languages around the world. Many scholars believe that the original poem was composed in an oral tradition by an aoidos (ΑΟΙΔΟΣ mean epic poet/singer/audios…), perhaps a rhapsody (professional performer), and was more likely intended to be heard than read. The details of the ancient oral performance, and the story's conversion to a written work inspire continual debate among scholars. 
   The Odyssey was written in a poetic dialect of Greek—a literary amalgam of Aeolic EL (Greek), Ionic EL (Greek), and other Ancient EL (Greek) dialects—and comprises 12,110 lines of dactylic hexameter.

Watch the beautiful video and enjoy the odyssey.

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