Wednesday, February 5, 2014


   Epikourios Apollon was built around 420 B.C. over an older temple by the citizens of the town Figalia, 1,131m above sea level, in an area called "Bassai", meaning little hill in the rocks. It is accessible by road and located 14.5 km from the town of Andritsaina in the South Peloponnese. The temple of Epikourios Apollon is a temple dedicated to the god of sun and healing, named Apollo. The temple is the creation of Ictinos, who was also the architect of the Parthenon in Athens. 

   It is orientated north to south. In the cella there was a column with a Corinthian capital, which is the oldest known example of its kind.
  The temple is now being restored, and will be re-erected on the same location,but on a new base that will allow it to withstand the earth tremors and soil-shifting that occur in the area.

The story..
  The year 652 bc the Spartans conquered Figalia and the citizens the city. They went then at the oracle of Delphi (Pythea) to learn how to regain their city. The Figalians, returning to their homeland, to please the god Apollo dedicated this temple built on a natural plateau on the slope of Kotiliou and was called Epicurean. 
   There is evidence that the church was not just a cult building dedicated to Apollo. If we examine the architectural rhythm, we see that although externally its Doric inside but are Ionic columns are decorated with Corinthian capitals! It is the only ancient edifice combines all 3 architectural styles . 
   The hillside the church stands on has been formed artificially in the horizontal plane and the church was placed eccentrically on with this orientation - again considered weird because it does not follow the usual orientation of the east-west axis but north-south. 
   Artificially created, one special stone base was placed under the church. This kind of base is unique in the world, because due to sophisticated inclination allows the temple to slide over on it in 50.2 SECONDS OF FATE every year in order to target the star SIRIUS at the same spot. 
   To succeed in the temple to slide onto the base, it was placed on a layer of clay and a layer of sea pebbles. Above them, the plates, were placed the foundations of the temple. Under the base there has been found the tunnel that kept the axis of the temple.

   Over at the base of the temple they placed several layers of plates joining together with stainless steel fasteners and iron in their opening poured lead for keeps vibration. Then they built the temple, who, because of the particular base and wisely thought- tilting, sliding on it FOLLOWING precession of the equinoxes.
   The second temple on the mountain top Kotylio played the role of the index. That is, if someone was standing at the entrance of the great temple in full alignment with the small temple of the peak, then saw the point 0 of the north! 
   A huge compass that is made ​​of granite and marble! The temple ranks in the list of UNESCO as a world heritage site.

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