Saturday, September 21, 2013

Pavlopetri - Greece: City Beneath The Waves

The oldest submerged city: A 5,000 old sunken perfectly designed city in Southern Greece!

   When fleets of ships carrying warriors from all over Greece set off to do battle with the great fortress city of Troy, perhaps some of them sailed from Pavlopetri, the oldest known submerged town.
   In the Peloponnesus region of southern Greece there is a small village called Pavlopetri, where a nearby ancient city dating back 5,000 years resides. However, this is not an ordinary archaeological site – the city can be found about 4 meters underwater and is the oldest known submerged city in the world.  
   The city is incredibly well designed with roads, two storey houses with gardens, temples, a cemetery, and a complex water management system including channels and water pipes.  In the centre of the city, was a square or plaza measuring about 40x20 meters and most of the buildings have been found with up to 12 rooms inside. The design of this city surpasses the design of many cities today.
   The city is so old that it existed in the period that the ancient Greek epic poem ‘Iliad’ was set in. Research in 2009 revealed that the site extends for about 9 acres and evidence shows that it had been inhabited prior to 2800 BC.
   Scientists estimate that the city was sunk in around 1000 BC due to earthquakes that shifted the land.
   However, despite this and even after 5,000 years, the city remains in excellent condition – the arrangement of the city is clearly visible and at least 15 buildings have been found.
   The city’s arrangement is so well preserved that the head of the archaeological team, John Henderson of the University of Nottingham, and his team, have created a 3D model reconstructing the city, which can be viewed in the video below.
   Historians believe that the ancient city had been a centre for commerce for the Minoan Civilization and the Mycenaean civilization. Scattered all over the place there are large storage containers from clay, statues, everyday tools and other artefacts.
   The name of the city is currently unknown as well as its exact role in the ancient world.
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