According to mythology(?), first settler of the island of Kefalonia, Greece, was Tafios, son of Neptune, the god of seas. The island was called Tafos and its inhabitants Tafioi or Tilevoes.
Ptereleos, son of Tafios, conquered the islands around Kefalonia and became powerful.
In Lixouri there is an area called Tafios, and that gives a historic dimension to the myth.
Later arrived at the island Kefalos and Elios. Kefalos had four sons, Palea, Kranio, Samio and Proniso, whose names took the four towns-states of the island.
In Iliad we find for the first time the name “Kefalines”, a name given to the citizes of Ulysses, that is the citizens of Kefalonia, Ithaka, Zante, Lefkas and Akarnania.
We find the name of Kefalonia again in Herodotus in the 5th century ΒC, when the historian mentions the citizens of Pali (Paliki: the area around Lixouri, where Tafios is).